Charles Babbage, History and Inventor of the First Computer. Back before Charles Babbage invented the first computer, a "computer" was someone who actually sat all day, adding and subtracting numbers and putting the results into tables. The tables then appear in the books, so others can use them to complete tasks, and calculate taxes. History and Inventor of the First Computer

The first computer was invented by English mathematician Charles Babbage between 1833 and 1871. The calculating machine known as the first computer resembled a modern machine named Analytical Engine.

The Emperor of France, Napoleon Bonaparte in 1790, ordered the transition of the old imperial counting system to a new counting system.

Over the past 10 years, a number of people converted calculations and entered them into tables. However, Napoleon Bonaparte never published the tables, and was only stacked and dusty at the AcadÃ©mie des sciences in Paris.

In 1819, Charles Babbage visited Paris and saw unpublished tables by Napoleon Bonaparte at the AcadÃ©mie des sciences in Paris. He then thought that there was a way to be able to produce such tables faster, with less manpower and fewer errors generated.

Babbage thought of the many miracles produced by the Industrial Revolution in England. If creative inventors and hard workers can develop and invent steam locomotives, then why not develop a counting machine? Creating a Difference Engine the Origin of Computers

Charles Babbage then returned to England and decided to make the machine as he thought it was. The first calculating machine he named Difference Engine, which works to make mathematical calculations with addition and subtraction systems only.

Charles Babbage received government funding to develop the machine in 1824 and spent 80 years perfecting his findings.

In 1832, Charles Babbage produced his first prototype calculating machine, but funding for the development of his engine from the government had been exhausted. Creating an Analytical Engine

Instead of simplifying the design because the funds had run out, Charles Babbage then thought of the revolutionary idea of making analytical engines.

Analytical Engine designed by Charles Babbage is a new type of mechanical computer that can contain more complicated calculations, including multiplication and division in contrast to the previous Difference Engine which could only contain addition and subtraction.

The part of the Analytical Engine designed by Charles Babbage resembles the components of every computer sold on the market today. In computers there are now three main parts, namely the central processing unit or CPU, and memory.

Babbage's Analytical Engine does not use that term. He called the CPU a "factory." RAM memory with the term "store." Babbage also has a device referred to as a reader to enter instructions, as well as a way to record on paper the results produced by the machine. Babbage called these output devices printers, pioneers of inkjet and laser printers that are very common today.

Records of charles babbage's discovery exist almost entirely. He kept many records and sketches about his computer for about 5,000 pages.

The Difference Engine and Analytical Engine invented by Charles Babbage (1791-1871) is one of the most famous icons in the history of computer development and was the first automatic calculator.

Babbage's work was less well known that one day he met Ada, Countess of Lovelace, son of Lord Byron. Babbage first met at an event on June 6, 1833. Nine years later, Luigi Federico Manabrea (an engineer from Italy) explained how analytical engines work.

This work was later translated and added notes by Ada Lovelace in 1843. From then on people began to know the work of Charles Babbage.

But unfortunately, there are only a few relics of the Difference Engine engine prototype, because the needs of the engine exceed the technology available at that time.

And although Babbage's work was appreciated by various science institutions, the British Government temporarily halted funding for the Difference Engine in 1832, and was eventually terminated entirely in 1842. Similarly, difference engines are only manifested in the plan and design. Gelar The Lucasian Chair Of Mathematics

From 1828 to 1839, Babbage was awarded the Lucasian chair of mathematics from the University of Cambridge. In addition to the counting machine, Babbage also made various other contributions.

He included creating a modern postal system in England, putting together the first reliable insurance table, inventing a locomotive cowcather (a triangular-shaped structure at the front of the railway, capable of clearing the tracks from interference) and several others. Babbage also contributed his ideas in the field of economics and politics. Current Computer Models

Charles Babbage was also a cryptanalysis expert who managed to solve the vigenere cipher (polyalphabet cipher). This cleverness has actually been owned since 1854, after he managed to defeat the challenge of Thwaites to break his cipher.

However, his discovery was not published until it was only discovered in the 20th century when experts examined Babbage's notes.

Babbage is also known by the nickname of the father of computers. The Charles Babbage Foundation uses his name to honor his contributions to the world of computers. Profile of Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage, the inventor of the first computer, was born in what is now Southwark, London, on December 26, 1791, the son of Benjamin Babbage, a banker.

His advantages in mathematics are very prominent. Upon entering Trinity College in Cambridge in 1811, he found that his mathematical skills were much better, even than his own tutors.

In his 20s Babbage worked as a mathematician, especially in the field of calculus. In 1816, he was elected a member of the "Royal Society" (an independent British science and academic organization, still active today).

He also played an important role in the foundation of the Astronomical Society (the United Kingdom's Astronomical and Geophysical organization, still active today) in 1820. At this time Babbage began to be interested in the calculating machine, which continued until the end of his life.

Behind all his successes, the failure of the calculation machine and the failure of government assistance to him, leaving Babbage in disappointment and sorrow at the end of his life. Babbage died at his home in London on 18 October 1871.Charles Babbage 'Father of Computers'

Charles Babbage is known as the inventor of the first computer, the Difference Engine and Analytical Engine being the most beneficial contribution to mankind. Charles Babbage himself was later referred to as the 'Father of Computers' for his services in finding the forerunner of computers.

Since then Babbage's findings have continued to be developed, especially the invention of modern computers made by Alan Turing. Nowadays computers are becoming a supporting tool in human life and the form is increasingly modern and more sophisticated from personal computers, laptops to supercomputers.

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