Hands-on and Performance Test : Windows 11 vs Windows 10

Hands-on and Performance Test : Windows 11 vs Windows 10

                                                                    Photo by Windows on Unsplash

Microsoft's newest operating system, Windows 11, was officially released on October 5, 2021. Many PC users are seen starting to try to upgrade or clean install from the latest OS.

In this article, we will explain a brief experience when trying Windows 11 which is no longer a Beta / Insider Preview version, accompanied by performance testing of course. Testbed, Scope and Testing Methods

Our test this time will include several things, ranging from discussion of minimum specification requirements, various problems during installation (and its workaround), and of course a short performance test to see the difference in performance.

Let's get started!

There are a number of PC hardware that we use to do this test, here are the specifications:PC 1 (Main): AMD Ryzen 4750G 'Renoir', MSI B550I EDGE Motherboard, 2x8GB DDR4-3200, Integrated Radeon Vega 8, Radeon RX 6700 XTPC 2 (Compatibility Check): Intel Core i7-6700K 'Skylake', MOTHERBOARD ASUS Maximus VIII Impact Z170Download Windows 11

For those of you who also want to try downloading and installing, here is the official download link from Microsoft:

Windows 11 Download Link (Microsoft)

You can read a number of guides there, and Microsoft also has a tool called PC Health Check App to briefly view Compatibility. Closer to minimum requirements for windows 11 installation

One of the things that invites the most discussion is the discussion of minimum specifications for Windows 11.

The following are the minimum specifications from Microsoft:Windows 11 System Requirement (Microsoft) Windows 11 Requirement – Click to enlarge

At first glance, the need in terms of processor, RAM, and storage is low, especially in 2021. Let's look at some of them:

The processor requirement for Windows 11 is a 64-bit CPU with a speed of 1Ghz+, having 2-Core or more. Just looking at this requirement, processors from 2011 like the Celeron G847 Dual-core 1.1Ghz are arguably eligible, at least in theory. Celeron 847 from 2011 – in theory eligible win11 🙂

RAM 4GB or more seems to already have many entry-level laptops today, 64GB storage is also not a difficult thing to find.

GPUs need to support DirectX 12 and WDDM 2.0 Driver standards. Quite a lot of modern GPUs with this standard support. As far as we can remember, by the time the WDDM 2.0 standard was launched, a number of GPUs from 2012 already received WDDM 2.0 support, such as the AMD Radeon HD 7000 series (GCN1), and NVIDIA GTX 600-series (Kepler).  The requested 720p (1280×720) Display resolution also doesn't seem to matter, considering that a number of entry-level notebooks already use at least a 1366×768 panel.

If the need is light, then what might be an obstacle for old PC users? Potential Problem 1: Windows 11 'Supported' Processor

Although Windows 11 has low processor requirements as we wrote above, Microsoft released a list of 'supported processors', which you can see below:

Windows 11 Supported Processor : Intel
Windows 11 Supported Processor : AMD

If you look closely at the list of processors, you may see that the processors that are officially on Microsoft's list are:

AMD : Ryzen 2000-series (Zen+) and above

Intel: Intel Core 8th Gen (Coffee Lake) and above

*and there are several Intel Core 7th Gen supported, such as intel Core X-series, and Core 7820HQ. Some Xeon W-series also have support.

Yes, this means that the relatively fast processor in 2021 such as intel Core i7-6700K 'Skylake' does not have Windows 11 support, as noted on PC Health Check App: Core i7-6700K: noted not supporting Windows 11

And that means if you try to install on a Core i7-6700K, you'll get an error message like the one we found the following: Potential Problem 2: TPM 2.0 Needs

You can also see that Windows 11 specifically indicates that they need a security module called TPM 2.0.

Although most PCs from at least 2015-2016 already have TPM 2.0 and do not need to buy additional modules, sometimes these TPM modules are not enabled by default by the motherboard. And this TPM module sometimes has several different names (depending on the vendor and model), making it difficult for users to find the option. Potential Problem 3: 'Secure Boot Capable'

Microsoft writes that Windows 11 requires 'UEFI, Secure Boot Capable'.

Unfortunately, even if your PC is a Modern PC with UEFI Firmware/BIOS and has Secure Boot capabilities, if you operate the PC with Legacy Boot mode, and use Partition Style MBR, Windows 11 will refuse to install. Workaround / Problem Solution

The three potential problems above will make various users potentially fail to upgrade or clean install Windows 11.

Fortunately there are some workaround/fixes to address some of these issues. Here's the brief description:

Workaround Needs TPM: Enable TPM from BIOS

If you have a modern system from at least 2015 and above, such as Intel 100-series chipset (Z170, H170, B150), or AMD 300-series chipset (A320,B350, X370), try to find the TPM menu in the BIOS and activate it. This menu can be named:Security Device / SEcurity Device SupportTPM StateAMD fTPRM SwitchAMD PSP fTPMIntel PTT / Platform Trust Technology.. Or many other names depending on the vendor.

For example, here is the menu on our MSI B550I EDGE motherboard:


Workaround Secure Boot: Use MBR2GPT to convert partitions to GPT

If your PC does not have secure boot capability, this can happen because you are using Legacy Boot, with partition style MBR.

You need to change partition style to GPT, and use UEFI Boot Mode (usually found in bios in the Boot menu).

Here is one trick to using the MBR2GPT tool that can convert partitions in your storage:

Go to Administrator Command Prompt (cmd.exe, Run as Administrator)

then type mbr2gpt /convert /allowfullOS Use MBR2GPT with the following command to change to GPT *click to enlarge

Workaround: Install on other PCs that support Windows 11

We also found that if you're installing another PC that supports Windows 11, then move the drive to an old PC that's referred to as unsupported.

Currently we do, Windows then seems to 'ignore' the needs of the CPU and TPM.

Here we installed Windows 11 on the Ryzen 7 4750G and B550, then moved it to the Core i7-6700K and Z170: i7-6700K and Z170, without TPM being turned on, and deemed unsusensable – but able to operate

Although the PC Health Check App states its PC does not support Windows 11, this Core i7-6700K PC runs seamlessly on Windows 11 without any problems.

Note: In addition, you can also save images from Windows 11 OS that have been successfully installed using tools such as Macrium Reflect, then restore images on other SSDs and run those SSDs on systems that are considered unsannct (not discussed here).

Microsoft seems to be aware that there will be a number of users who still want to try to install on their devices even if they do not get a support label. To that end, there are a number of steps given, such as editing the registry, and also agreeing that any problems that occur on the system under the minimum requirement of Windows 11 are user risks.

Microsoft also mentioned that there is potential that the system may not get certain updates to the OS. It should be noted, this does not mean Microsoft will forcibly stop all updates for the device, but rather in the direction where 'Microsoft has no obligation to provide updates', so there could be certain devices that are not officially supported to get OS updates. It seems that this update policy needs to be looked at more deeply in the next few years on PCs with old hardware specifications. Workaround From Microsoft - click to enlarge

Steps from Microsoft you can find the following:

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