How Intel Expands Transistors in Chips to Fit Moore's Law

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KOMPAS.com - Many ways taken by semiconductor manufacturer from the United States (US), Intel to improve the capabilities of its chips.

One of them is to continue to develop and implement "Moore's Law" in their semiconductor products, until 2025.

This was conveyed by Senior Fellow and General Manager of Component Research Intel, Robert Chau at the International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM) 2021 last week.

"At Intel, we never stop developing research and innovation based on Moore's Law," said Robert, quoted from WCCFTech, Tuesday (12/21/2021).

Moore's Law is a physical principle first introduced by Intel co-founder Gordon Moore in 1965.

Read also: Moore's Law is a Reference to the Semiconductor Industry

At the time, Moore predicted that the density of transistors in a semiconductor product, such as chips, would double each year.

Simply put, transistors are small blocks inside a semiconductor product that power and sustain the performance of the product. That is, if the number is more and more, then the performance of the product is also expected to be more qualified.

However, in 1975, he revised his prediction, in which the number of transistors would double in two years.

That year, Moore's prediction became a reference in the semiconductor industry which was later called Moore's Law.

Well, Intel's plan to continue to develop its products using Moore's Own Law is arguably interesting, amid many semiconductor companies and researchers who call the "rules" irrelevant, aka "dead".

Because, some of them say that the number of transistors can not be propagated or reduced again over time.

Read also: Intel on metaverse: Technology is currently not able to make it happen

However, Intel remains steadfast in its strategy to make Moore's Law relevant, by introducing the latest technologies, such as new packaging technology, at IEDM 2021. Intel defends Moore's Law

© Provided by Kompas.com Intel processors

In the IEDM 2021 event, Intel introduced a variety of strategies and plans to accelerate the development of processor products (CPUs) that maintain Moore's Law.

One is to introduce a new transistor packaging design dubbed "Foveros Direct". This design is claimed to change the structure of transistor density up to 10 times in a single packaging package.

In addition, the transistor design will also switch from horizontal placement to vertically stacked (CMOS), so that the scaling process on transistors can still be improved by 30-50 percent.

READ MORE: Intel boss predicts chip scarcity to last until 2023

Later, Intel also introduced a new transistor positioning technology based on Gallium Nitride (GaN) which is claimed to save space, so moore's law will still be able to run.

Furthermore, Intel also demonstrated a device that carries quantum computing technology called magnetoelectric spin-orbit (MESO).

This technology allows the company to design new types of transistors based on nanoscale magnets.

There are still many semiconductor technologies introduced by Intel at IEDM 2021. The full list can be found at the following link.

However, briefly, these technologies were announced by Intel to continue to defend Moore's Law, as well as make it relevant again for the acceleration and development of their semiconductor products and CPUs in the future.

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